The Position of Data and Communication Applied sciences (ICTs) in Combating Crime in Sierra Leone

Introduction

I.C.Ts is essential on the earth normally and growing international locations to be particular. I.C.Ts have created important impression in lots of areas on the subject of nationwide improvement. After we check out the economic system of the nation, training, faith, Social Science and Know-how we are able to see that I.C.Ts have contributed so much in enhancing these areas. You may are likely to surprise how however as you learn alongside you’ll perceive and see the significance of I.C.Ts in growing international locations (Johnson, 2008).

I.C.Ts consult with applied sciences that present entry to info via telecommunications. It’s much like info know-how (I.T), however focuses totally on communication applied sciences. This contains the web, wi-fi networks, cell telephones, and different communication mediums (Marke, 2003).

I.C.Ts are involved primarily with info administration that’s, acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical info by a microelectronics primarily based communication of laptop and telecommunication as its primary fields (Julliet, 2001).

The Position of ICTs in Organisations

If any group just like the Prison Investigation Division (CID) in Sierra Leone is to develop and develop then there have to be efficient and environment friendly communication within the organisation. Data whether or not it’s pictorial, textual, written or vocal kind via which an info is communication from prime to backside or the reviser for the efficient working of the group using I. C. T. is essential as a result of it makes it very simple via using cellphone, computer systems and different units that we use to speak info is because of the truth that we’ve what we name I. C. Ts. (Johnson 2008).

• Via I. C.Ts. know-how person can have quick access to info via an e-mail via by this it save the time of the workers simply via by visiting his/her e-mail tackle he/she’s going to know in regards to the newest improvement in Prison Investigation Division, with out going to his/her or boss for info;

• I. C. Ts. have performed very very important position in social media actions and using web through the years and it’s nonetheless making optimistic impression in our society at this time. With out I.C.Ts;

• I.C.Ts. have made it attainable for an individual in a single nation to order items from one other nation, electronically from a second and pay for it electronically in a 3rd.
I. C.Ts. Have modified the world industrial revolution kinds from the mine tenth century and this alteration is everlasting, as a result of it creates new financial actions, new relations of manufacturing, new political forces, new job, and new outlook of life;
• I.C.Ts. have performs nice position within the well being sector of Prison Investigation

Division by enhancing on healthcare consciousness supply and public consciousness on vital well being concern. Via I. C. Ts. one can will be capable of have entry to medical info and educated specialists can cut back struggling and saves lives (Peter, 2005).

Historic background of the (C. I.D) in Sierra Leone

The Sierra Leone Police Drive is the brainchild of the British authorities. Its inception dates way back to to 1808 when Freetown was declared a British Crown Colony. Within the absence of a proper organized physique to maintain the peace, some retired British Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates had been appointed by Magistrates to come back to Sierra Leone to keep up regulation and order. Between 1863-1888 the then Police Drive had metamorphosed with the intention to tackle the ugly incidents, which had been rearing their heads particularly throughout the 1881 Koya and 1888 Sherbro disturbances. These disturbances led to the event of police alongside the frontier. In 1889, subsequently, the police was divided- army and frontier duties had been taken over by the Frontier Police white Civilian duties had been left with the Frontier Police subsequently turned often known as the Court docket Messenger Drive, and had been made answerable for the colony.

On the 27th October 1894, within the Royal Gazette of that date, the civil police within the colony got the designation “The Sierra Leone Police Drive” – (S. L.P.F) which has remained unchanged to today. Captain V.F. Laphan was seconded from the Military to manage the police drive, with the rank of superintendent and Mr. Brooks, a metropolitan police officer, was appointed inspector of police. In 1909 superintendent Brooks was appointed the primary commissioner of police.

No actual important strides befell within the drive, till, Mr. C. H. Ward, (O.B.E.) Superintendent of Police from Nigerian, took over command of the drive as Commissioner of Police kind Captain P. T. Brodie, in 1943. The energy of the drive was 300, together with two (2) expatriates, the Commissioner and the Assistant Commissioner and Africans crammed the remaining the opposite ranks. The intense civil disturbances led to the short introduction of the Riot Squad which was subsequently educated to include additional riots. Mr. Ward raised the energy to 600 and this created a welcome and overdue improve in promotion probabilities. For the primary time Africans had been promoted to the rank of Assistant superintendent of Police (A. S. P) and a fleet of automobiles comprising automobiles, lorries, motor cycle and bicycles was later obtained.

He began the correct coaching faculty at Port Loko in 1944, which was later transferred to the naval camp at hasting the place it stands to today. He additionally began native communications between police departments and ultimately change this by a police wi-fi communication system which at this time cowl the entire nation. Mr. Ward was succeeded by J. P. I. Forde who raised the energy to 1,000, despatched the primary African sub-inspector to coach a Henden which continued thenceforth. He launched the primary correct FORCE STANDING ORDERS (F. S. O.) the police FEDERATION and POLICE COUNICIL. In 1952 Mr. W. G. Syer took over and wasted no time in taking policing to the provinces which resulted in its growth. He affiliated the police drive to Worldwide Police Group (INTERPOL) and disbanded the Riot Squad, there by introducing a system by which each police officer was taught not duties it doesn’t matter what part of the drive he could also be hooked up to.

Between 1963-1969 Mr. L. W. Leigh turned the primary Sierra Leonean Commissioner of Police and beneath his management a police Act was established in 1964 which was meant to consolidate and amend the legal guidelines regarding the Sierra Leone police drive that’s, the safety of life and property, the prevention and detection of crime and the apprehension of offenders between 1969-1972, Mr. Jenkins M.E.G Smith turned the second Sierra Leone commissioner of police who led the drive via Republic in 1971.

The uniform presently consisted of gray shorts and gray jacket with black footwear and cummerbund. Part 174 of the Sierra Leone Structure of 1978 modified the standard position of the drive by the appointment of the ten Commissioners of Police, Mr. P. C. Kaetu Smith [1973- 1979] as one of many seven (7) appointed members of parliament by the Govt president, thus politicizing the position of the police drive.

Between 1981- 1984, Honorable C Kaetu Smith was succeeded by Hon. J. A. Grant. In 1986, Hon. P. M. Johnson turns into the primary inspector – Common of police. On the first of January, 1987, the drive was re- divisionalized into police divisions every division being represented by letters, starting from “A” to “N” and every division commanded by a chief police officer [C. P. O]. These had been additional sub-divided into police Districts and positioned beneath the command of the officer commanding districts [o/c] who could also be a Deputy Superintendent of police or Assistant Superintendent of Police (A.S.P.).

In 1987 Hon. James Bambay Kamara succeeded by Mr. P.M. Johnson. In December, 1991, in a bid to redeem the great picture of the Sierra Leone Police Drive which had significantly dented by politics, the British Authorities despatched Mr. Keith Lewis, a retired British Superintendent of Police to restructure the drive. A sequence of police programs had been then launched into the curriculum with the intention to improve the drive in policing a contemporary democratic society coaching programs just like the Junior and Senior Administration Programs Trainers course, legal investigation Division course often known as the Yorkshire Course was launched which went a protracted method to restructure the police informative blog.

The democratically elected Authorities of Dr. Ahmed Tejan Kabba in 1996 solicited the companies of the British Authorities to assist additional restructure the Sierra Leone Police Drive. The British Authorities responded by sending a staff often known as the Commonwealth Police Growth Process Drive. which was headed by the Inspector-Common of police, Mr. Kieth Biddle.Underneath the dynamic management of the British born Inspector- Common of police, the Sierra Leone police drive is step by step regained the boldness of the general public via the change administration beneath the brand new restructured program, in order that the drive can grow to be “Drive For Good’ which is its recognized for at this time. (Sierra Leone Police Prospectus 2014).

Actions of Prison Investigation Division (CID)

The next are the actions untaken by CID of the Sierra Leone Police:

Documentation

Crimes scene investigators are charged with the accountability of formally documenting the crime scene. This documentation is normally everlasting and constitutes the official file of the investigation. It may be forwarded to officers and regulation enforcement businesses for additional use and investigation. Documentation contains , diagrams and sketches, and written notes. At this level, the crimes scene investigation normally make some form of preliminary interpretation of the proof at hand and doc the actions taken by the investigators on the actions taken by the investigators on the scene Efficient documentation permits for an correct re-party, similar to a forensics staff.

 

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